The doctors successfully implant magnets behind the patient's eyes to cure the condition that causes unwanted blinking and twitching.
Nystagmus, or "gloomy eyes", is a disorder that affects 1 in 1,000 people and there is no medical treatment for it.
The patient was implanted with two tear-off magnets in each eye to help stop eyeballs.
Experts argue that this endeavor paved the way using magnetic motion imaging implants and other body parts
Magnets interact with each other to prevent unwanted eye movements and improve patient's vision
A study under the auspices of the University College in London and the University of Oxford is the first successful example of an ocular motor prosthesis – an implant that controls eye movements.
"Nystagmus has a number of causes with different origins in the central nervous system, which poses a challenge to the development of pharmaceutical therapy, so we decided to focus on the eye's own muscles," said Dr. Paraskev Nachev, MD, MD, UCL Institute for Neurology .
"But so far, mechanical approaches have been unimaginable for the need to stop relentless eye movements without preventing natural, deliberate movements."
What Is Nystagmus?
Nystagmus is a continually uncontrolled eye movement.
Movements can be in any direction so the eyes look like they move from side to side or up and down, sometimes even in circles.
This is a sign of a problem with a visual system or pathways that link eyes to brain areas that analyze vision.
In many cases the cause of nystagmus is unknown. The disorder can not be cured, but some aspects of the condition can be treated.
A patient who passed this procedure developed nystagmus in the late 1940's, as a result of Hodgkin's lymphoma. The situation had a great impact on his life, including loss of job. His difficulties prompted a research team to make a successful prosthesis
"Fortunately, the force we use for voluntary eye movements is greater than the force that causes shaking eye movements, so we need quite small magnets, thus reducing the risk of eye immobilization," said Professor Quentin Pankhurt of UCL designed denture design.
Two magnets are implanted in each eye, one attached to the bone at the bottom of the occiput, and the other is sewn into one of the extracellular muscles.
The procedure was led by Professor Geoff Rose and David Verity from the Early Moorfields Hospital in London during the two separate sessions
The patient quickly recovered and informed about significant improvement in vision. In addition, after more than four years, it has not reported a negative impact on functional eye movements. He returned to paid employment and discovered that his everyday activities such as reading and watching television were much simpler.
Scientists have pointed out that further research will be needed to find out which patients would benefit most from ophthalmic dentures
They warn that magnetic implants will not be suitable for anyone with nystagmus, such as people who must perform regular MRI imaging.
Nystagmus is one of the most common forms of visual impairment among children
Case Study was published in the Journal Ophthalmology .