Scientists have captured in the wild the first footage of one of the rarest – and the most primitive, as they say – a pig in the world.
Swaddling swine is extremely vulnerable to the loss of habitats and loss of habitat, to such an extent that some scientists have already considered extinction. Hidden cameras have now revealed that the small population of these animals survives in the more fragmented Jave forests.
The science team that found everything and claims that their goal now is to protect the habitat of these rare animals. The research was conducted by Dr. Johanna Rode-Margono from the zoo in Chester, England. She said she and her colleagues were "thrilled to see that the pigs were still there."
The latest study of these lowland forest areas was conducted in 2004 and revealed a serious decline in the population of these beetles. "We were afraid that all or most of them were already extinct," Rode-Margono said.
While these hairy bearded animals may not be the most photogenic Jave scenes, Dr. Rode-Margono says they play an extremely important role in forest ecology – digging the soil and spreading the seeds. On Java, the most fertile island of Indonesia, they are also a symbol of growing human pressure on the tropical forest of that country.
Pigs are losing habitat due to deforestation for agricultural and urban development, but are also in direct conflict with people. These animals are considered to be pests and are often hunted because they are attacking crops.
"Hunting in sports is also a problem," says Dr Rode-Margono. Of the seven areas that the team investigated using their camera – only three had public swine fever.
"That means the threat of extinction is under way, and if we do nothing, more and more populations will disappear," Dr. Rode-Margono said. "This is a great warning."
One wilderness center in Java has started a breeding program for public swine, and scientists are hoping to recognize some areas where these animals could be released and protected in the wild.
"There is still hope," says Dr Rode -Margono. "If we manage to design some effective conservation projects, we may keep them. For me, they are not ugly – they are beautiful. "