The Royal Academy of Sciences announced Tuesday that the winners of Rainer Weiss from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Barry Barish and Ki Thorne of the Technology Institute of California.
This troupe played a key role in the first observation of the gravity waves in September 2015
When the discovery was published a few months later it was a sensation not only among scientists but also among the general public.
Gravity waves are deformations of space and time, wrinkles that arise as a result of some of the most respectable events in the universe.
Weiss, on a telephone conversation with a journalist at the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, said: "I look at this more like a thing that recognizes the work of a thousand people."
Gravity waves predicted Albert Einsten a hundred years ago as part of his theory of general relativity. General relativity says gravity is caused by heavy objects that bend space-time, the four-dimensional way astronomers see the universe.
Waves detecting graduates came from the collapse of two black holes of 1.3 billion light years away from Earth.
Half a Million Million ($ 1.1 Million) Reward to Germany's Weiss was awarded, while Thorne and Barish would split the second half.
The last 25 years of physics award is shared among several winners.
Last year's award went to three British scholars who applied the mathematical discipline of topology to better understand the effects of exotic matter such as superconductors and suprafluids. In 2014, the Japanese and Canadians shared a physics award for research that proved that the elemental particles of neutrons had a mass.
14th September 2015. The gravity waves in the universe were observed for the first time. The waves, predicted by Albert Einstein a hundred years ago, are the product of collapse between the two black holes. It took 1.3 billion years for the waves to reach LIGO detectors in the United States.
Signal was extremely weak when it came to the Earth, but still promises the revolution in astrophysics. Gravity Waves are a completely new way of observing the most significant events in space and testing the limits of our knowledge.
LIGO (19459009) Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory is a collaborative project with over a thousand scientists from more than 20 countries. Together, they managed to realize a vision that was almost fifty years old. The winners of this year's Nobel Prize winner with their enthusiasm and determination are invaluable to LIGO. Pioneers Rainer Weiss and Kip S. Thorne, along with Barry C. Barishem, a scientist and leader who led the project to the finish, ensured that four distractions of effort led to the gravitational waves being finally perceived
In the 1970s, Reiner Weiss had already analyzed possible background noise sources that would omit measurements, and designed a detector, a laser interferometer that would overcome this noise. And Thorne and Rainer Weiss have long been firmly convinced that gravity waves can be detected and that this will lead to the revolutionization of our knowledge of the universe.
Gravity waves are expanding at the speed of light and fill the universe, just as Albert Einstein described in his general theory of relativity. They occur whenever the mass speeds up, for example, when the ice skater is pierced or a pair of black holes rotate one another around the other. Einstein was convinced that it would never be possible to measure them. The success of the LIGO project provided a couple of gigantic laser interferometers that measured the change a thousand times smaller than the atomic core while the gravitational wave was passing by the Earth.
So far, all types of electromagnetic radiation and particles, such as cosmic or neutrino, have been used in the exploration of the universe.
However, gravity waves are a direct testimony to the disturbance of the space-time itself. This is something completely new and different, and opens up unseen worlds. A discovery pool of those who manage to record waves and interpret their message.
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Nobel Prize for Physics