When the competition appears to behave differently
We know that plants can learn and make decisions and now we have a new level of insight into their decision-making process. It is about when plants decide under pressure, competing with competition due to limited access to the sunlight.
It turns out that plants can react to the size and strength of their neighbors in the vicinity, deciding how best to survive with regard to what is happening around them, so shows a new study.
Based on what needs to be borne, plants can try to outgrow their competitors or decide on how to survive under low light. Some plants may even grow away from their close followers, according to research from the University of German Tübingen.
"These three listed alternative crop responses to light competition are well documented in the literature," said one of the team's scientists, Michal Gruntman. "In our research, we wanted to find out more whether plants can choose between these answers and match them with relative the size and density of their opponents. "
In a nutshell – I can. I can decide which option to choose from depending on the circumstances.
Scientists planted the plant by snooping the fifth (Potentilla reptans) into various experimental conditions, designed to mimic scenarios of nature. When he was thinking of fraud around five, he thought it was surrounded by a small, dense vegetation – he tried to cut it vertically; and when the environment was mowed by high competitors – the plant would decide on the way of shadow tolerance and survival with little light. In the latter plant growth, they reduce the photosynthetic rate, making leaves softer and wider so that the leaves become as lightning as possible.
All this means we now know more about how plants behave through their decisions and try to maximize their chances of life. Despite having no brains and neural systems like those in animals.
Everyone who has watched any growing plant knows that it will always move in the light – but it seems that they will adapt to what other plants do, and that may seem relatively quick as the situation changes.
Can this knowledge also apply to competition for other resources and affect factors such as root growth? This will be the next phase of research.
"Such ability to differentiate between different ways of growth according to their outcome could be particularly important in heterogeneous environments where plants may occasionally grow with neighbors of varying size, age, or density and should therefore be able to choose the appropriate strategy," says Gruntman. published in the journal Nature Communications .