Hydrogen bombs and atomic bomb shapes are nuclear weapons, but these two devices vary widely. In short, the atomic bomb is a fission device, while the hydrogen bomb uses fission to trigger a fusion reaction. In other words, an atomic bomb can be used as a hydrogen bomb trigger.
Below we make definitions of both types of nuclear weapons.
Definition of Atomic Bomb
An atomic bomb or A bomb is a nuclear weapon that explodes due to the release of extreme energy during nuclear fission. For this reason this type of bomb is also known as a fission bomb. The term "atomic" is not correct in the technical sense, because only the nucleus of the atom (protons and neutrons) is involved in the fission, not the whole atom or its electrons.
Material capable of fission (fission material) has supercritical mass, which is the point where the fission takes place. This can be achieved by compressing under-critical material by using explosives or by spraying one part of the sub-critical mass into another. The physical material is enriched with uranium or plutonium. The energy response of the reaction range from tons of TNT explosives up to 500 kilotonnes of TNT. The bomb releases radioactive fission fragments, resulting in the breaking of heavy nuclei into smaller cores.
Radioactive waste is composed mostly of fission fragments
Definition of Hydrogen Bomb
Hydrogen bomb, hydrogen bomb or H-bomb is a nuclear weapon that explodes due to the release of intense energy during nuclear fusion. Hydrogen bombs can also be termed a thermonuclear weapon. Energy is the result of the fusion of hydrogen isotopes – deuterium and tritium.
Hydrogen bomb relies on energy released from the fission reaction that warms up and fuses hydrogen until fusion is induced, leading to additional fission reactions. In a large thermonuclear device, about half of the device yield comes from impoverished uranium fission. The fusion reaction does not actually contribute to the creation of nuclear waste, but because the Fission triggered the reaction and caused further fission, the H bomb produced at least as much waste as the atomic bomb. Hydrogen bombs can have a much higher yield than atomic bombs, just like megatons of TNT. The car bomb, the largest nuclear weapon ever detonated, was a hydrogen bomb with a yield of 50 megatons.
Atomic Bomb Vs. Hydrogen Bomb
Both types of nuclear weapons release huge amounts of energy from a small amount of matter, most of their energy releases from fission, and produce radioactive waste. Hydrogen bomb has potentially higher yields and is more complicated for assembly.
Other Types of Nuclear Weapons
In addition to atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs, there are several other types of nuclear weapons:
Neutron bomb ; like a hydrogen bomb, a neutron bomb is a thermonuclear weapon. The neutron bomb explosion is relatively small, but a large number of neutrons are released.
This device also kills living organisms, but produces less waste and is more likely to remain intact physical structures
Sunken Bomb ; a nuclear bomb surrounded by cobalt, gold and other material, and detonation produces a large amount of long-lived radioactive waste. This type of weapon could potentially serve as "the weapon of the last day", as waste could also achieve global distribution.
Clean Fusion Bomb ; a nuclear weapon that produces a fusion reaction without the help of a firing bomb. This type of bomb would not release significant amounts of radioactive waste.
Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) ; this bomb is intended for the production of nuclear electromagnetic pulse, which can disrupt electronic equipment. The nuclear device, when detonated in the atmosphere, emits an electromagnetic pulse of spherical. The purpose of such a weapon is to damage the electronics in the wider area.
Antitrust Bomb ; this bomb would release energy from the reaction of destruction resulting from the interaction between matter and antitumor. Such a device has not yet been manufactured due to its difficulty in synthesizing significant amounts of antitrari.